A year ago, in 2020 and just before the coronavirus emergency struck the United Kingdom, I wrote a piece for the council for independent and further education about change in the Independent Sector. I thought that consolidation of schools, a stripping-down of the curriculum, and a rise in school-validated certification of students, were all on the cards. Covid has accelerated this process, and will have profound effects, which I would like to explore in further posts this month. It is always good to look back before the storm, though--just to remind oneself how things were! Cife, by the way, are an excellent source of advice and information for any parent or agent wishing to know about the independent educational sector in England and Wales.